The conference program includes several parallel workshops comprised of presentations from thought leaders and interactive discussions amongst participants.

Workshop WA1: Social Acceptability and Sustainability of the Physical Internet

The Physical Internet is “an open global logistics system founded on physical, digital and operational interconnectivity through encapsulation interfaces and protocols”. In order to understand how the Physical Internet will impact the current supply chain system, it is first necessary to understand the current drivers of transportation volume. The first paper presented conducts a country-level analysis of the drivers of the growth of transportation volume and will focus on two modes of transportation technologies: water and road transport. Also, it is important to understand how acceptable the Physical Internet will be to the communities who implement it. The second paper presented focuses on measures that can be taken to help smooth the implementation of the Physical Internet. Specific topics discussed will be acceptability of transportation, warehousing and distribution projects.

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Antecedents of the Physical Internet: A Cross-Country Analysis of Transportation Volume Change

Namchul Shin and Horst Treiblmaier

Physical Internet, Technology Diffusion, Transportation Technologies, Growth of Transportation


The social acceptability of the Physical Internet: The unforeseen challenge?

Yan Cimon

Corporate social responsibility, Physical Internet implementation, global networks
Workshop WA2: Assessing the Potential of Hyperconnected Distribution

During the last decade, collaborative distribution systems have attracted both academia and practitioners. The economic and environmental performance improvement by collaborative initiatives is nowadays well documented in the literature. However, logistical collaboration is reported to suffer from several shortcomings such as trust, gain sharing as well as the complexity of multi-actor consensus management process. The recently introduced Physical Internet initiative offers a breakthrough vision toward sharing logistic resources that can potentially enable a fundamental rethinking of current distribution systems; the hyperconnected distribution. In this session, we investigate the economic performance gain at strategic level by adopting the hyperconnected distribution system compared to the collaborative distribution system. To this end, distribution-related economic activities of multiple sample businesses are modeled by designing their distribution networks in collaborative and hyperconnected contexts. The economic gain is investigated by comparing the annual total distribution cost of each system, when responding to multiple service policies in terms of market response time. Our findings are highly promising: operating a hyperconnected distribution system decreases the total distribution cost. Moreover, it provides an opportunity to respond to a higher service level with negligible increase in distribution costs compared to the collaborative distribution system.

Workshop WA3: Resilience of Physical Internet Networks

The Physical Internet aims to develop a global network to move physical objects, to offer opportunities of economic, social and environmental efficiencies improvements. Building such a global, open networks requires the integration of supply chains from different companies and different industries in an hyperconnected logistics network. This workshop will discuss the performance of Physical Internet Hyperconnected Logistics Network.

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Performance evaluation of interconnected logistics networks confronted to hub disruptions

Yanyan Yang, Shenle Pan and Eric Ballot

Disruption, Physical Internet, Simulation, Routing
Workshop WP1: Modularization for Physical Internet

The smart, reusable and universally standardized container, known as the π-container, is one of the most important Physical Internet enablers. There has been studies and project movements, such as MODULUSHCA and Go2PI, aiming to define the necessary features required for π-containers. In addition, they seek to make a connection with up-to-date technology to enable the realization of π-containers. The attempts are ongoing and, more importantly, there is still substantial potential for future studies and contributions.

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Requirements for a Physical Internet handling container

Florian Ehrentraut, Dirk Jodin and Christian Landschuetzer

Physical Internet container, Go2PI, MODULUSHCA, functional specification for a Physical Internet, container, realization of a Physical Internet container, engineering design


Convertible Concepts Corporation

Bill Pawluk

Convertible, Inbound, Outbound, Logistics, Automotive, Transportation, Backhauls, Innovation, Hardware, Software
Workshop WP2: Toward a Physical Internet: An Austrian Experiment

To implement Physical Internet successfully in real world, the entire system, from, must be designed carefully. This include cooperation agreements, financial models, and logistics operation protocols as well as technological support such as π-containers and handling system. The project “Go2PI” aims to develop a guideline for technical and information system for Physical Internet based on Austrian case studies. The potential impacts of Physical Internet are also analyzed through the case studies. The Austrian case studies and their implications will be discussed in depth.

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A case study derived methodology to create a roadmap to realize the Physical Internet for SME

Florian Ehrentraut, Christian Landschuetzer, Dirk Jodin, Andreas Gasperlmair and Hans-Christian Graf

Physical Internet, Go2PI, Realization of the Physical Internet, Realization Methodology, Physical Internet for SME


Go2PI – Practically proved steps to implement the Physical Internet

Andreas Gasperlmair, Hans-Christian Graf, Sophie-Therese Hörtenhuber, Florian Ehrentraut and Christian Landschützer

Physical Internet, PI Guidelines, coopetition, standardization, roadmap to PI, Go2PI
Workshop WP3: Hyperconnected Ports & Canals: Their New Roles in the Physical Internet

Since the beginning of transportation, ports and canals plays a main role in logistics. Hyperconnecting the canal region enables multimodal flows serving inner Americas; and expanding throughput capability for flow between Asia and Eastern Americas. However, new generation of huge post-panamax ships requiring huge space-time consolidation of containers. In a hyper connected paradigm, port terminals with large inventories of containers are by default associated with a lack of fast fluidity.

Workshop WP4: Toward Hyperconnected Packaging Optimization

One of the key concepts of the Physical Internet(PI) is modularized containerization all the way down to the product-package level. Due to the increased handling of products in the PI, the product-package interface must be designed for distribution, because no matter the industry or shipping mode, it can be subjected to any or all seven major distribution hazards. This workshop will describe the static and dynamic forces impacting products throughout distribution in the PI.


Packaging Optimization: The Hazards of Distribution

Tom Blanck

Packaging Optimization, Packaging Cost Optimization, Sustainable Packaging, Sourcing, Procurement, Materials Handling, Packaging Design, Physical Internet
Workshop WP5: Hyperconnecting Fresh Supply Chains

This workshop focuses on Fresh Supply Chain; a type of temperature-sensitive supply chain where the time from harvest to consumption highly influences the value of the product, prime examples include blood, vaccines, and fresh food (e.g., produce) supply chains. Fresh chains share the usual challenges of traditional supply chains with the added complexity of product susceptibility to degradation and spoilage, heightened traceability and security requirements, the use of specialized infrastructure (facilities, trucks, and containers), and the resulting environmental and social concerns associated with elevated levels of carbon emissions, product deterioration and spoilage, and security vulnerabilities. This workshop discusses how Physical Internet principles and architecture have been used and can be used to address challenges specific to the fresh supply chain domain.

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PI-Based Automated Diagnosis: The Blood Supply Chain Perspective

Quentin Schoen, Franck Fontanili, Matthieu Lauras, Sébastien Truptil and Anne-Ghislaine Anquetil

Diagnosis, Identification, Tracking, Physical Internet, , Process Mining, Blood Supply Chain


F2A Physical Internet Architecture for Fresh Food Distribution Networks

Amitangshu Pal and Krishna Kant

Fresh food distribution networks, Physical Internet, Logistics sustainability, Infrastructure sharing, Transportation, , Worker-friendly logistics
Workshop WP6: Hyperconnected Transportation Hub Design and Operation

Implementing the Physical Internet (PI) will require the creation of new PI-enabled facilities such as the PI hub and a high-density Rail-Rail hub. The first paper discusses the contribution of the PI on reducing logistics costs and improving the quality of service in Pi hubs. This is done by analyzing two simulation models to compare the performance metrics of a normal cross dock and a PI hub operating under the same flow. The second paper discusses a control scheme for a two-sided, Rail-Rail PI hub. Under this scheme, PI-containers can come into the system and leave the system at the same time and will be sorted such that incoming containers are placed in the right slot, in the rail car at the right time.

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A simulation model to migrate from cross docks to PI Hubs

Tarik Chargui, Mohamed Reghioui, Abdelghani Bekrar and Damien Trentesaux

Physical internet (PI), PI-System, PI-Cross-dock, PI-Container, PI-Conveyor, PI-Dock, PI-Sorter


A Two-Sided, High-Density Rail-Rail Hub

Gang Hao and Kevin Gue

Physical Internet, GridStore, GridHub, grid-based, high density storage system, Rail-Rail hub
Workshop TA1: Hyperconnected Logistics Experiments in Home Fashion, Furniture and Appliance Supply Chains

With the growth of E-commerce, the logistics paradigm must adjust to changes in customer behavior and expectations; the Home Fashion, Furniture and Appliances industries are no exception. There is now pressure on retailers to operate with less inventory and a tighter time window throughout the entire supply chain from manufacturers to the end customers. The Physical Internet can enable retailers to not only meet customer expectation but to also operate in a more environmentally and socially friendly way. Although the case study and simulation experiments are focused on Home Fashion, Furniture and Appliances supply chain, the results can easily be extended to other industries.

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Physical Internet Applied in the Major Home Fashion Products Retail Industry: A Collaborative Endeavor by Sears Canada and Clear Destination

Daniel Pronovost , Director Home Delivery Operations, Sears Canada Inc. Christian Lafrance, CEO, Clear Destination Inc.

home fashion, furniture, appliance, supply chain


Hyperconnected City Logistics for Furniture and Large Appliance Industry: Simulation-based Exploratory Investigation

Mohit Goyal, Jacob Cook, Benoit Montreuil, Nayeon Kim, Christian Lafrance

Hyperconnected City Logistics, Furniture and Large Appliance Industry, Physical Internet, Last Mile Delivery, Open Asset Sharing, Open Pooling, Hyperconnected Distribution, Hyperconnected Supply Chain, Hyperconnected Delivery Routing, Simulation


Impact of Inventory Policy on Last Mile Delivery of Furniture and Large Appliance upon Open Asset Sharing: Simulation-based Approach

Nayeon Kim, Benoit Montreuil

Physical Internet, Last mile delivery, Product Deployment, City logistics, Open asset sharing, Open shared storage, Open shared delivery, Furniture and large appliances, Simulation, Scenario analysis
Workshop TA2: Open Logistics Interconnection Model & Protocols

Hyperconnectivity of Open Logistics Networks relies on a data structure and on means of information transmission among the stakeholders ans users of the networks. Information Technology enables interconnection of players everywhere in the world, but in order to cooperate and be hyperconnected, standardized protocols must be implemented globally to ensure both data integrity and Physical Internet Networks capabilities. This workshop will discuss models and protocols for Open Logistics Interconnection and their implementation in industries.

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Evaluating five typologies on costs and requirements for hyperconnected logistics networks

Wout Hofman

hyperconnected, logistics services, data policies, Internet of Things


Networking in the Real World: Unified Modeling of Information and Commodity Distribution Networks

Amitangshu Pal and Krishna Kant

Perishable commodity distribution networks, Physical Internet, Fresh food logistics, Infrastructure sharing, Transportation efficiency, Unified networking model
Workshop TA3: Digital Platform Enabling Hyperconnected Logistics

One of the important concurrent research and innovation axes toward Physical Internet is Digital Platform. At the digital level, informational and decisional interconnectivity has to be enabled, including citywide real-time status and performance monitoring, visibility and traceability of π-containers, facilities, vehicles, infrastructures and services. Intelligent Transportation systems and Internet-of-Things technologies such as RFID and GPS, as well as their associated coding systems have to be harnessed and combined for comprehensive urban environments.

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A Platform to Support Collaboration and Agility in Logistics Web

Raphaël Oger, Frédérick Benaben and Matthieu Lauras

Logistics Web, Mediation Information System, Agile System, Collaborative System, Internet of Everything


Simulation Modeling for Analyzing PI Supply Chains and Supporting Managerial Cockpits

Jeffrey Smith, Mohammad Ansari and Benoit Montreuil

Simulation, Supply Chain, Executive Cockpits
Workshop TP1: Hyperconnected City Logistics, Last-Mile Delivery and Smart Lockers

City Logistics and Physical Internet are two major concepts aiming to profoundly change freight transportation and logistics for increased economic, environmental and societal efficiency and sustainability. They share several basic ideas and are complementary, City Logistics providing the final and last segments of the Physical Internet logistics and transportation networks (Crainic, Montreuil, 2015). This workshop will discuss innovative solutions and logistics systems aiming to improve efficiencies in Last Mile deliveries in urban areas, exploiting hyperconnectivity abilities proposed by the concepts of the Physical Internet.

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Hyperconnected City Logistics and Last Mile Delivery

Ahmed Chakroun, Hassan Abbar and Mounir Elaraki Tantaoui

Hub location, physical internet, city logistics, open DC


Hyperconnected City Logistics: Smart Lockers Terminals & Last Mile Delivery Networks

Louis Faugere

Smart lockers, Physical Internet, hyperconnected city logistics, last mile delivery, smart city logistics, e-commerce, parcel delivery, business model
Workshop TP2: Physical Internet Analytics and Pricing

Physical Internet changes operational structure for logistics companies and the new value-adding mechanism leads to the new pricing model. Also, Physical Internet analytics (PIA) can open a new horizon for internal logistics in warehouse and manufacturing flow shops. A study new dynamic pricing model for Less-than-truckload carriers under Physical Internet environment and a case study of an automotive parts manufacturer utilizing PIA will be presented.  

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Physical Internet Analytics: A Case Study from an Automotive Parts Manufacturer

Ray Y. Zhong and George Q. Huang

Physical Internet, Big Data, Analytics, Case Study, RFID, Manufacturing shop floor


Less-than-truckload dynamic pricing model in Physical Internet

Bin Qiao, Shenle Pan and Eric Ballot

dynamic pricing, Physical Internet, Less-Than-Truckload, auction
Workshop TP3: Collaborative & Hyperconnected Logistics in a Market-Driven Environment

Market driven strategy is the most popular organisational approach in running the business nowadays, as the strategy allows the company to obtain a better understanding of the market, as well as their customers. To be successful, the companies’ response to the market changes should be active and fast which could be accomplished by collaborative and hyperconnected logistics systems.

Workshop TP4: Hyperconnected On-Demand Urban Delivery

This workshop presents recent investigations on the opportunity to exploit a Physical Internet-enabled on-demand delivery service in urban areas. It explores novel approaches related to the usage of multi-modes transportation system which are partially or initially dedicated to mobility services. It also discusses novel transportation types such as electric trucks, cargo bikes, Autonomous Vehicles, etc. and their future role. The innovative proposals are linked to the surrounding need of enhanced interconnectivity in urban areas. More specifically, they investigate from one side the type, size and dynamics around using Pi-containers and smart boxes and their impact on the transportation performance. On the other hand, they discuss the location, capacity and typology of novel hub/transit locations in urban areas. All these recent advances are given to illustrate how a hyperconnected On-Demand Urban Delivery could operate and to provide an initial evaluation of its economic and sustainability benefits in an urban context.  

PDF icon IPIC2016-Workshop_TP4.pdf


smartBOX – an Austrian PI solution leading to small loads mobility 4.0

Harald Kapplmüller, Hans-Christian Graf, Sophie-Therese Hörtenhuber, Rainer Widmann and Burkhard Stadlmann

Physical Internet, Realization of the Physical Internet, smartBOX, PI container, core elements small loads mobility
Workshop TP5: Enabling Security and Trust in the Physical Internet

The open and connected nature of the Digital Internet has enabled mass innovation and helped transform commerce. At the same time, though, it also has led to security breaches, hijackings and digital theft. This workshop explores similar vulnerabilities in the emerging Physical Internet that have arisen due to such factors as technology, globalization and complex tiered supply chains. Recent threats include counterfeit goods such as medicine and electronics, as well as electronics with back-doors. How can the Physical Internet be designed and operated to address these threats and enable security and trust? The goals of the workshop are to assess the problem, discuss its potential evolution, and brainstorm potential solutions.

PDF icon IPIC2016-Workshop_TP5.pdf


Root of Trust in the Physical Internet

Georg Simhandl, Mathias Tausig and Horst Treiblmaier

Root of Trust, Secure Firmware Update, Physical Internet, Internet of Things


Securing Supply Chains from Counterfeiting Threats in a Transformed Open and Collaborative Enterprise

Doug Bodner

Counterfeit parts, Enterprise simulation, Open collaborative supply chain enterprise
Workshop TP6: Hyperconnected Electric Mobility Exploiting Physical Internet Hubs

Combining Smart Grid and PI hubs suggest a lot of synergies. New developments of decentralised and emission free energy production, new electric truck development as well as integrated IT developments set the frame for hyperconnected PI hubs. Smart orchestration of energy production and  energy usage is the approach towards sustainable, autonomous and efficient PI hub operations. The workshop will address recent research initiatives and results on the electrification of urban logistics, advanced energy management systems integrated with trip planning systems and discuss on their exploitation towards PI hubs.

PDF icon IPIC2016-Workshop_TP6.pdf


iHub: Hyperconnected Electric Mobility Exploiting Physical Internet Hubs

Marcel Huschebeck and Michael Schygulla, PTV Group

Hyperconnected Hubs, Dynamic logistics and energy management, Heavy electric trucks
Workshop FA1: Toward Hyperconnected Preventive Healthcare

The workshop will introduce the Hyperconnected Health Lab at Canadian University Dubai and its research initiatives in the health industry. After a brief introduction of the team, a detail presentation will be made on the main organizations and their challenges in introducing their holistic health offering on the market. Since these organizations are headquartered in Dubai, the Lab members have privileged information permitting innovative research opportunities. Many of these opportunities could benefit tremendously from the PI model. The health care industry is undergoing many challenges globally due to rising costs, ineffective results, computer technology and patient interest. The current medical system encourages doctors to increase treatment through drugs and medical procedures rather than on healing patients. Doctors are paid when patients are sick. There is a recent trend in the last decade towards an integrated healthcare system focusing on predicting and preventing disease rather than treatment. The workshop will introduce three different business models to address these challenges. One model is focuses on B2B where a new turnkey solution is provided to doctors so they can offer innovative programs and products to patients, which includes live monitoring. A second model focuses on online communities and provides health products and services in a B2C environment. Lastly, a flagship clinic focusing on preventive healthcare and cardiometabolic disease, introduces software, monitoring devices and leading pharma products to clients.

Workshop FA2: Toward Hyperconnected Automotive Supply Chains

Substantial fraction of travel miles of trailers is empty miles in automotive logistics due to unbalanced product flows. These wasted miles are not profitable and also environmentally harmful. Convertible Concepts Corporation will present its innovative technologies: the Convertible Trailer which mitigate the unbalanced product flow by adjusting to carrying different types of vehicles, and the Autobox which is a dry, collapsible, stackable, tract-able and versatile container. These, combined with the Convertible Logistics Intelligence Centre, will enable a game-changing innovation.

Workshop FA3: Hyperconnected Modular & Mobile Manufacturing

One of the factors causing logistics webs to be costly and inefficient is that facilities realizing and storing the products require large capital investments and are slow to build. A proposed solution to this issue is hyperconnected mobile modular production, which focuses on the realization and distribution webs. The first paper proposes a modeling approach in order to address the dynamic deployment of resources of the realization and distribution webs. The second paper discusses a method to support the selection of the best location for production plants while taking into consideration production system design and decisions involving supply chain network design.

PDF icon IPIC2016-Workshop_FA3.pdf


Finding the Optimal Plant Location: Results from a Colombian Biofuel Case Study

Yasel Costa Salas and Horst Treiblmaier

Plant Location, Optimization, Biofuel Industry


Physical Internet Enabled Hyperconnected Modular Production with Dynamically Deployable Resources for Assembly Process

Suzanne Marcotte and Benoit Montreuil

Modular Production, Mobile Production, Hyperconnected Production, Physical Internet, Assembly Process, Dynamic Reallocation, Resource Deployment, Modeling, Adaptability, Flexibility

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